Products produced in the Xinjiang region of China are deeply interwoven with global supply chains. Examples of these products include cotton, coal, sugar, tomatoes, and polysilicon (used in solar panels).
However, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China (XUAR) has been linked to forced labor, detention without trial, and intimidation techniques. These human rights violations are targeted towards Uyghur Muslims and other minorities. Countries, companies, and consumers around the world are beginning to take notice.
The United States recently issued an order detaining cotton and tomatoes grown in the XUAR. The United States also has proposed the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act which would establish a presumption that goods produced in the XUAR are produced using forced labor and are therefore prohibited from being imported in the United States.
Increasing supply chain transparency is one way to combat forced labor in the XUAR.